Education for Leisure

All day work and no play makes Jack a dull boy!

Leisure is defined as freedom from the demands of work or duty. Everybody needs leisure in their lives, to balance the stress of work and life. George Eastman once said, “What we do during our working hours determines what we have; what we do in our leisure hours determines what we are.” The purpose of leisure education is to assist participants in eliminating or reducing barriers to enjoyable participation. It is provided to prepare or enable individuals to enhance the quality of their lives through individually selected patterns of recreation and leisure involvement. In this blog, we shall study about the concept of leisure education and its essence in our lives.

Meaning of Leisure

  • The word ‘leisure’ comes from the Latin word ‘Licere’ or the French word ‘Leisir‘ which means ‘permitted spare time, free will, inactivity.
  • Leisure time refers to ‘freedom from work’ which enables an individual to participate freely in various activities, beneficial to both individual and society.

Concept of Leisure Education

  • Education for leisure or Leisure Education implies organised instruction about spending leisure opportunities in a rewarding and beneficial way. Thereby, Leisure education aims to enhance the proper utilization of free time in educational institutions.
  • Leisure Education can be divided in various categories, such as- Physical activities, Intellectual activities, Artistic activities, Social activities, Craft-centered hobbies and so on.
  • Objectives of Leisure Education are primarily dedicated to provide relaxation to individual, favorable psycho-motor effects, energy-building, self-esteem enhancement and skill development.

Importance of Leisure Education :

  • Utilization of Surplus Energy
  • Prevents social isolation and brings social control
  • Reduction of stress, leading to relaxation
  • Discovery of innate talents, Boosts creativity
  • Moral-Cultural Development
  • Self-improvement and personal growth
  • Essential corrective measure for juvenile deliquency
  • Skill Enhancement
  • Brings sense of responsibility and self-belief

Summing up, in the end, we may say that leisure education assists individuals in developing the values, attitudes, skills, and interests so that they can identity and engage in socially acceptable activities to meet their individualistic needs.  

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Value Education

Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.

Aristotle

Values are a quintessential aspect of human living. Every individual and every organisation is involved in making hundreds of decisions every day. The decisions we make are a reflection of our values and beliefs, and they are always directed towards a specific purpose. That purpose is the satisfaction of our individual or collective (organisational) needs. Thereby, it is conspicuous of the desideratum to develop great values in the individuals, with the help of education. In this blog, we shall discuss about the meaning of values and the concept and importance of value education.

Meaning of Value

  • The word ‘value’ has been etymologically derived from the Latin word ‘valere’ meaning ‘be well’,’to be strong’, ‘to be valid’ and so on.
  • Value may be defined as the endeavor which satisfies psychological as well as practical needs and aspirations. Values are the guiding principles of life, conducive to the holistic development of individual.
  • According to Young and Mack, “Values are assumptions, largely unconscious, of what is right and important.”
  • Values may be categorized in different types such as -Biological Values, Moral/Spiritual Values, Social Values, Aesthetic Values.
  • Sources of value are -Social customs, laws of land-order-law, tribal mores and rituals, religion and thereupon.

Concept of Value Education

  • Value Education may be defined as the deliberately planned education aimed at the development of proper attitudes, values, emotions and skills for the integrated development of the students. It covers all aspects of personal development- aesthetic, intellectual, moral, social and spiritual.
  • Value Education focuses on cognitive, conative and affective aspects of an individual, thereby fostering impetus in quality education.
  • The role of Family, School, Teacher and Society in general in such value education is par amount necessity. Family is the most primary social institution, and thus holds exigent responsibility, especially the parents. Secondly, the School acts as the second home of the child, and thus can aid the spread of value education. The teacher plays a vital role in infusing desirable values in the young students.

Importance of Value Education :-

  • Better and Balanced personality
  • Development of sense of wrong/right in the children
  • Promotes democratic values
  • Character formation
  • Moral evolution
  • Vocational efficiency
  • Preservation of Culture
  • National Integration and Citizenship Training
  • Minimize negativity and violence
  • Growth of Creative potential

Thereby, we may sum it up by saying that Our values inform our thoughts, words and actions. Value is the foundation for understanding human behavior. Value helps to perceive what ought to be or what ought not to be. It implies that certain behaviors or outcomes are preferred over others. These allow the members of an organization to interact harmoniously.

Dimensions of Education

Education is the coherent process of improving and enhancing innate capacity inside us by which we develop the ability to change this world at social, political and economical level. Education contains several important aspects or dimensions, which influence the entire teaching-learning mechanism. In this blog, we shall attempt to probe into four essential facets of education:- Learner, Teacher, Curriculum and Co-curricular aspects.

Learner

  • A learner is someone who is acquiring knowledge, skills or values regarding a particular subject or experience.
  • Learner-centered education is that approach in which optimum emphasis is proffered on the learner, his needs, his learning level, aptitude, intelligence, personality, etc.
  • Here, the teacher acts as the facilitator, in contrast to teacher-centered education. The curriculum is much flexible and diversified, to suit to the individual demands of the students.
  • Learner-centered education is an open revolt against the rigidity of learning path and teacher-dominance in the classrooms.
  • The learner plays an active role, where he/she exercises full control over the entire process of instruction.
  • Advantages of Learner-centered Education includes- better individual attention; proper recognition of individual potentials; setting productive objectives of learning; building interest-motivation in learner, establishment of cordial relation between the teacher-learner; diminishing classroom problems; time saving as well as constructive participation.

Teacher

  • Teaching can be defined as engagement of an educator with learners to enable their understanding and application of knowledge, concepts and processes. It includes design, content selection, delivery, assessment and reflection.
  • To teach is to engage students in learning; thus teaching consists of getting students involved in the active construction of knowledge.
  • A teacher requires not only knowledge of subject matter, but knowledge of how students learn and how to transform them into active learners.
  • Good teaching requires a commitment to inculcating a few essential personal as well as professional qualities. Personal qualities of an ideal teacher are as such- man of character, emotionally stable, dynamic personality, sound physical-mental health, sense of humor, love for learning,etc. On the other hand, professional qualities may include- mastery over subject of teaching, essential educational qualifications and training, desirable communication skills, presentation skills, ethics, democratic values, knowledge of psychology.
  • Role of a teacher is indispensable in the field of education, specifically in-teaching, planning, guiding, supervising, evaluation, social skills development, social welfare and so on.

Curriculum

  • The word ‘curriculum’ comes from the Latin root “currere“, which means “to run” or in other words-“a race course.” Etymologically, we may interpret curriculum as ‘the course or path on reaching a certain goal or destination.’
  • Curriculum can be understood in both narrow and broad sense- In narrow sense, curriculum implies the specific and time-bound course of study, to be completed by learners to attain a pre-determined objective or official declaration of accomplishment. On the other hand, in the broad spectrum, curriculum refers to the totality of life experiences, inside and outside the curriculum for the holistic development of the individual.
  • According to Paul Monroe, an American educationist, “Curriculum embodies all the experiences which are utilized by the school to attain the aims of education.”
  • Curriculum forms an integral facet of the educational process, as it helps in achieving the learning objectives, serves as guideline to whole teaching-learning activity, gives a practical shape to it, develops novel methods of teaching, evaluation, assessment, planning and tools of improving the mechanism.
  • Types of Curriculum may be broadly divided into –Traditional Curriculum, Activity-centered, Experiential Curriculum, Undifferentiated Curriculum, Basic Education Curriculum, Life-oriented Curriculum and Child-Centered Curriculum.
  • Various principles of Curriculum Construction delivers us an idea of the concept of curriculum- Principle of Child-centered learning; Principle of Community-centered learning; Principle of Co-relation; Principle of Flexibility; Principle of Utility; Principle of Creativity; Principle of Individual differentiation; Principle of Integration and the Principle of Variety.

Co-Curriculum

  • The prefix ‘co‘ means ‘mutually or jointly’. Therefore, co-curriculum implies those activities or experiences that are pursued alongside the normal curriculum, i.e activities connected to the academic curriculum or aims of education.
  • Initially, the co-curricular activities were known as ‘extra-curricular’, as those activities felt like additional learning, outside the actual academic curriculum of the school, college or university. But in the modern times, with the realization of the great opportunities that co-curricular activities provide for the comprehensive enhancement of individuality, the term ‘extra-curricular’ has been replaced with ‘Co-Curricular.’
  • Co-Curricular activities include Physical activities such as sports, athletic, Scouts&Guides, NCC, mass-parade; Academic activities like debate, symposium, discussions; excursions, essay-writing, story-writing, literacy clubs; surveys; quiz; public-speaking; Social activities such as village survey, Red-cross, NSS; Artistic activities such as painting, modelling, dance, music; Vocational activities like knitting, tailoring, sewing, basket-making, toy-making, soap-candle making; Leisure activities such as collection, photography, album making and so on.
  • Benefits of Co-curricular activities are absolutely boundless, but a few of these benefits are- Whole-some development of individual, Productive use of leisure time, Stronger community-individual relations, Co-operation and team-spirit, Leadership training, Aesthetic values, Psychological values and so on .

In the conclusion note, we may deduce that Education is an undoubtedly variegated and extensive system of tremendous significance, consisting of disparate and diverse elements.

Functions of Education

Education, since the ages, has been an indispensable and excruciating factor in social as well as economic development. In this blog, we shall briefly note down the various functions of education.

Development of Innate Powers

  • Every individual is endowed with some inherent tendencies or individual differences.
  • Education, in this case, unfolds the native capacities of the individual.
  • In the words of Pestalozzi, “Education is a natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers.”

All-round development of Individuality

  • Improvement of the individual in multifarious aspects- physical, mental, social, moral, spiritual and aesthetic .
  • Full-flowering of every facet of man’s originality.

Control, Redirection and Submission of Instincts

  • Our activities and behavior are directed by instincts i.e fixed natural tendency of a person or animal in a particular way.
  • Education filters such unpolished and wild instincts; controls and sublimates them.

Character building and Moral development

  • Develop moral qualities in individual and build his/her character, is a pivotal function of education.
  • It endows the human with the ability to choose between ‘right-wrong’ in the experiences.

Preparation for Adult Life

  • Taking up responsibilities and authority of adult life, is an important life lesson, which is explicitly learnt with the help of education.
  • Education trains the child by helping him/her inculcate necessary knowledge, information, skills, habits and mental attitude.

Imbibing Social Values and Norms

  • As every member is a member of society, therefore, in order to live a prosperous and successful life, he/she has to enhance certain social qualities like – sense of sacrifice, kindness, co-operation, tolerance, love, sympathy, hospitality,etc.
  • Such social skills and temperament is nurtured in children by education- formally as well as informally.

Building of Ideal Citizenship

  • A good citizen is always an asset to the nation. These essential citizens contain various admirable traits such as – sense of responsibility, loyalty to nation, sense of understanding, democratic values, etc.
  • Education empowers ideal citizenship by making the individuals aware of their citizens rights as well as duties.

Conservation, Transmission and Enrichment of Culture

  • Conservation function of education implies preservation of all the worthwhile heritage, traditions, values, ideals, customs, folkways etc of the society with the help of educational programs and experiences.
  • Transmissive function of education refers to communication of the important cultural as well as social values to the succeeding generations.
  • Progressive or Enrichment function of education focuses on restructuring and reconstructing new experiences and expanding the available cultural phenomena.

Vocational Efficiency

  • Education assists the individual in acquiring vocational efficiency and professional competency.
  • Education attempts to impart all essential knowledge and skills regarding various professions and occupations, so that interested individual may pursue their desirable vocations.

National Development and Consciousness

  • Inculcation of civic and social responsibility,training for leadership, emotional and national integration as well as total national development are exceedingly promoted by educational aims.
  • Such promotion of national values through education, brings up the national consciousness and sense of patriotism.

Summing up, we may say that education is such a crucial ingredient for all ages and stages, that its contribution to one’s life, can never be described in words, in the form of a blog. Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.

Forms of Education

Education is the process of facilitating learning, acquisition of knowledge, experiences, skills and values in individuals. It is an absolutely cardinal tool in the transformation of a ‘living being’ into a ‘human being’. Education can be procured through multiple ways-schooling, society, media, books, or even the multitudinous life experiences that we come across in our lives. In the discipline of education, we may categorize education into 3 important forms, as given below-

  • Formal Education- Meaning, Characteristics and Agencies
  • Informal Education- Meaning, Characteristics and Agencies
  • Non-formal Education- Meaning, Characteristics and Agencies

Thereby, in this article, we shall learn about the forms of education in an extensive way. So Readers, Shall we start ?

What is meant by Formal Education ?

  • The conscious, deliberate and pre-planned educational activity that takes place within the four walls of a classroom, i.e in schools, colleges, university,etc can be termed as Formal Education.
  • Horace Mann, an American educational reformer, started the schooling system for the first time in history, which later constituted the formal education system.

Characteristics of Formal Education-

  1. Pre-planned system with fixed objectives
  2. Time-bound i.e limited to a specific duration of time
  3. Definite and pre-determined rules and regulations
  4. Well-defined curriculum
  5. Fixed time-table
  6. Provided by professional trained and qualified teachers
  7. Strict discipline and least flexibility
  8. Age-bound i.e late entry of aged students is not allowed
  9. Provision of degrees, diplomas and certificates on course completion
  10. Space-bound i.e it is provided by only some specific educational institutions.

Agencies of Formal Education-

  • Schools
  • Colleges
  • University
  • Seminaries
  • Pre-schools
  • Conservatory, etc

What is meant by Informal Education ?

  • The unplanned and spontaneous form of learning that is attained from birth till death, can be termed as Informal Education.
  • Informal Education is a general term for education outside of a standard school setting, in the wider environment.

Characteristics of the Informal Education-

  1. Incidental and spontaneous form of education that starts automatically, unconsciously.
  2. No specific educational institutions to impart informal education.
  3. Universal form of education i.e found everywhere in the universe.
  4. Life-longevity i.e its continues till death.
  5. No age boundary
  6. No prescribed time-table or curriculum.
  7. Absence of any specialized teacher or agent to provide education.
  8. Complete freedom, no strict discipline
  9. Absence of any evaluation system
  10. Based on learning situation or day-to-day activities.

Agencies of the Informal Education-

  • Family
  • Radio
  • Newspaper
  • Television
  • Neighborhood
  • Religious Organisation

What is meant by Non-Formal Education ?

  • Any organized, systematic educational activity carried outside the framework of the formal system may be termed as Non-Formal Education.
  • Non-formal Education provides selected types of learning to particular sub-groups in the society i.e adults as well as younger ones.

Characteristics of Non-Formal Education-

  1. Flexible point of entry-exit for students
  2. Flexible and changeable curriculum, suiting to the needs of the learners
  3. No Strict discipline, instead emphasis on inner and self-discipline
  4. No specific place of activity
  5. Absolute insistence on self-learning
  6. Open to changes, adaptable rules and regulations
  7. Open to all ages, gender, caste, economic background, etc
  8. Greater importance on learners’ capacity, evaluation based on individual needs
  9. Economical education
  10. Relevance to needs of the dis-advantaged groups.

Agencies of Non-Formal Education-

  • Open-schools
  • Open-universities
  • Correspondence Education
  • Distance Education
  • Satellite Communication program
  • Continuing Education
  • E-Learning

On the concluding note, we may state that the various forms of education listed above are of perennial importance in providing knowledge and skills to the true knowledge seekers. Science and technology has tremendously shifted the entire scenario of receiving education with the help of internet and latest technologies.

Aims and Objectives of Education

Education is a purposeful activity which endeavors to modify the behavior of the learner as well as the teaching-learning process. Thereby educational aims help to identify the accurate medium for education to act in a more organised and efficient way. Aims in educations not only provide direction to the individuals, but also highlight the significance of education. It is a requisite for well-regulated school administration which tempers the essence of pragmatism into the student. In this article, I intend to educate my readers about the various aims and objectives of education. The topics or headlines in this topic are as follows-

  • Individual Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits
  • Social Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits
  • Vocational Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits
  • Liberal Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits
  • Cultural Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits
  • Democratic Aim of Education- Meaning, Merits and Demerits

INDIVIDUAL AIM OF EDUCATION- MEANING, MERITS AND DEMERITS

  • Sir Percy Nunn, a British educationist, is the chief proponent of the individual aim of education. According to him, “Nothing good enters just the human world except in and through the free activities of individual men and women and that educational practice must be shaped to accord with that truth.”
  • The success of education lies upon the complete development of the highest potentialities of an individual.
  • Individual development implies self-realization of his/her native potentialities, which then flourishes the national growth.
  • Merits of Individual Aim-
  1. Allows self-actualization of the individual beings
  2. Develops individuality and unique expression of character
  3. Individual development brings social development
  4. Improves economic effectiveness
  5. Drives motivation and satisfaction for personal growth
  • Demerits of Individual Aim-
  1. Makes individuals selfish and self-centered
  2. Discourages the development of man’s uniqueness
  3. Ignores the socio-cultural heritage derived from society
  4. Impractical idea as individuals cant live without a society
  5. Too much emphasis on personal development may lead to immoral behavior and sense of superiority

SOCIAL AIM OF EDUCATION- MEANING, MERITS AND DEMERITS

  • John Dewey, an American philosopher and educational reformer, was the chief exponent of the social aim of education. According to Dewey, “All education proceeds from the participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race.”
  • According to J.Ross, another great thinker, “Individuality is of no value and personality a meaningless term, apart from the social environment in which they are developed and made manifest.”
  • The social aim of education expounds that the development of society is of per importance of individual development as man cannot live in vacuum. Every moment of his life is influenced by the social environment.
  • Education must train the child to live as an effective member of society and provide constructive contribution to social development. In other words, Social aim means ‘Cooperative efforts, shared interest.’
  • Merits of Social Aim-
  1. Social Aim enables proper socialization and makes man a ‘human being.
  2. Social Aim brings the development of social living.
  3. Social Aim of education inculcates the ‘we-feeling’ among the members of society.
  4. Social harmony and cohesion is greatly caused by the social aim.
  5. Culture becomes more enriched and flourishes with the help of social aims of education.
  • Demerits of Social Aim –
  1. Makes the individual a ‘non-entity’
  2. Promotes narrow nationalism i.e implies the superiority of state over individuals.
  3. Ignores the psychological aspect of individual differences.
  4. Zero-importance of self-realization of the individuals
  5. Discourages individual freedom

VOCATIONAL AIM OF EDUCATION-MEANING,MERITS AND DEMERITS

  • The vocational aim of education is also known as the ‘Utilitarian aim’,’Bread and Butter aim‘, ‘Blue Jacket aim’ or ‘White Collar aim.’
  • Basically, the vocational aim emphasizes on earning one’s own livelihood with the help of training in specialized vocation.
  • Skill-based education enables students to acquire skills, traditionally non-academic knowledge, but related to trade and vocation.
  • One of the most important supporter of this aim was- Mahatma Gandhi, who introduced the concept of ‘Basic Education’ in India during post-independent period.
  • Merits of Vocational Aim-
  1. Makes an individual ‘economically self-sufficient.’
  2. Brings purposefulness in the educational activity.
  3. Helps in moulding a stabler, progressive society.
  4. Bridges the gap between ‘rich-poor’ classes.
  5. Develops work ethics and brings ‘pragmatism’ into the students.
  • Demerits of Vocational Aim-
  1. Inadequate in providing all-round, holistic development.
  2. Cannot be a complete aim.
  3. Neglects the social, cultural, psychological and biological aspects of true education.
  4. Zero-importance of spiritual development.
  5. Ignores the personality development as well as the originality of creative spirit.

LIBERAL AIM OF EDUCATION- MEANING, MERITS AND DEMERITS-

  • The Latin word ‘liber’ means ‘to free, to let go.’ According to Greeks and Indians, education is to liberate or set free our mind or soul from the bondage of the body.
  • Liberal Educations is an approach that empowers the individual to deal and study the complexity, diversity and change of life, against the mechanistic concept of life.
  • Training of beautiful and refined life of culture is the essence of liberal education. Music, dancing, sculpting, painting etc must be studied for the sake of appreciating beauty, not as professions to earn money.
  • Liberal education teaches students to utilize their leisure time and helps to navigate internal and external conflicts of life. It caters to the cultural and aesthetic needs of the society.
  • Merits of Liberal Aim-
  1. Makes the students ‘global thinkers.’
  2. Imbibes the social responsibility.
  3. Cultivates strong critical thinking skills.
  4. Brings up a problem-solving attitude.
  5. Enhances individual creativity and originality.
  • Demerits of Liberal Aim-
  1. Lacks the preparation for employment.
  2. Insignificant depth of experiences and knowledge which will not bring much of a radical change.
  3. Based on idealism, not possible in practical terms.
  4. Expensive form of general education.
  5. Abstract form of education that cant bring concrete social development.

CULTURAL AIM OF EDUCATION- MEANING, MERITS AND DEMERITS

  • Culture is defined as a complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, morals, arts, law, customs and any other capacities and habits acquired by man as member of society.
  • Cultural aim intends to inherit rich cultural heritage of past, to preserve and enrich it through educational activities and transmit it to the rising generation.
  • Cultural education caters to the development of all attributes, essential for evolution of a cultured personality . Education, thus, is a product of culture, transmits culture from one generation to another and embraces cultural innovations.
  • Merits of Cultural Aim-
  1. Satisfies the cultural needs of an individual.
  2. Brings a sense of belonging to the members of a particular culture.
  3. Strong-identity formation, which results in greater self-esteem.
  4. Cultural Aim helps to adjust with changing cultural environment.
  5. Helps in preservation and transmission of culture.
  • Demerits of Cultural Aim-
  1. Excessive cultural conservatism leads to restriction of individual freedom.
  2. Availability of too many cultures makes it puzzling for the teacher to promote the needful culture training.
  3. Insufficient for socialization, due to narrow-oppressive culturalism.
  4. Invokes unnecessary conservative thinking.
  5. Social disorganization due to rigid cultural barriers.

DEMOCRATIC AIM OF EDUCATION- MEANING, MERITS AND DEMERITS-

  • Democracy, as defined by great American President, Abraham Lincoln, is ‘ government of the people, by the people and for the people.’
  • Democratic education intends to bring realization of all the responsibilities and duties of a democratic citizen. It aims to develop real democracy through the active participation by all the members of the society.
  • The major principles of this aim of education are – Citizenship Training, Equality, Leadership, Vocational Efficiency and Personality Development.
  • Merits and Demerits of Democratic Education cannot be exactly propounded as it would then reflect the merits and demerits of a democracy in political context.
  • In simple words, the movement to promote real participatory democracy through the medium of education, through values such as tolerance of diversity, mutual respect between individuals and groups, respect for others’ opinion, willingness to be open of changing one’s mind, the possession of a critical stance towards political information and finally, seeing that all people have equal social and political rights as human beings, can be termed as Democratic Aim of Education.

With the above discussion, we may realize that aims in education are as important as the aims that we constitute in our lives. Learning about aims of education shall enrich our knowledge on how the world intends to work.

Meaning and Concept Of Education

Hello readers, in this blog, I am going to elaborate about the meaning and concept of the term “Education”. Lets Start!

WHAT IS THE MEANING OF EDUCATION?

The term “education” is an all-inclusive and encyclopedic word that confines our whole life in its meaning. Its connotation is as vast as life itself, its meaning diversifies from time to time.

Distinguished thinkers and philosophers have defined the term education in multifarious ways. A few very phenomenal definitions are listed below-

  • According to John Dewey, ‘Education is the development of all those capacities in the individuals which will enable him to control his environment and fulfil his possibilities.’
  • According to Aristotle, ‘Education is the creation of a sound mind in a sound body.’
  • According to T.P Nunn, ‘Education is complete development of the individuality of the child so that he can make an original contribution to human life according to the best of his capacity.’
  • According to Pestalozzi, ‘Education is the natural, harmonius and progressive development of man’s innate powers.’
  • According to Gandhiji, the term education implies ‘an all round drawing out of the best in child and man- body, mind and spirit.’
  • According to Swami Vivekananda, ‘Education is the manifestation of divine perfection, already existing in man.’

WHAT IS THE ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING OF EDUCATION?

The term education has been derived from several Latin roots. The most important are as follow-

  • Latin word ‘E’ meaning ‘out of’ and ‘duco’ meaning ‘ I lead.’ Thereby, it means that ‘out of native potentiality, I lead.’
  • ‘Educare’ is another derivative which means ‘to raise, to nourish’.
  • ‘Educere’ means ‘to develop, to draw out, to enhance.’
  • Lastly, ‘Educatum’ implies ‘the act of training or teaching.’

WHAT IS THE BROAD AND NARROW MEANING OF EDUCATION?

Education is such a dynamic and versatile process that it can explained in different contexts- BROAD and NARROW.

  • Broadly-speaking, education refers to the entire process of development of an individual, from birth to death. It covers the total influence of various agencies of the environment on the physical-mental make-up of the child i.e culture, school, govt, customs, neighbourhood, parenting, geography, economy, etc. Thereby, Education is a lifelong process which is not limited to a classroom or school. Life is education, and Education is life.
  • Narrowly-speaking, education refers to the planned, organised and formalized process of receiving some specific amount of knowledge or skill, within a predetermined duration of time. In this case, education is imparted in formal educational institutes like schools, colleges, university, seminars, etc. In other words, the deliberate, conscious and systematic instruction given to the individual, within the four walls of the classroom, can be defined as education, in limited sense.

VARIOUS INTERPRETATIONS OF EDUCATION

Education as a Bi-Polar Process

  • Education as a two-way process, introduced by Sir John Adams.
  • The two poles of education are- Educator and Educand.
  • Without the teacher’s initiative, the whole educational process will be aimless. Similarly, without the students in the classroom, the teachers’ duty will be meaningless.

Education as a Tri-Polar Process

  • Education as a three-way process, introduced by John Dewey.
  • The three poles are – the teacher, the student and the environment surrounding that teacher-taught activity.
  • The interplay of the educator, educand and social setting is meant by the tri-polar process.

Education as an Instrument of Social Change

  • Society keeps on changing and such constant changes affect the individuality of the child. Education helps the child to know what is right or wrong and thus facilitates progressive social change.
  • Old customs, superstitions and mores are also modified with educational impact of science and technology.

Education as the Modification of Human Behaviour

  • Human behaviour , in the earliest of times, has been crude and unrefined. Humans acted totally on basis of their native instincts. But as time passed, they realised the importance of civilization and thus modified such unrefined behaviour.
  • Education can be described as the instrument of modification of human behaviour, resulting from contimuous interaction with the environment.

Summing up all the content above, we may say that education is the ultimate tool of empowerment that can totally shift the existing society into a much progressive and blossoming society. It can accelerate its growth in an everlasting and never-ending way.